Density (Specific Gravity) Of Various Substances

Densitymass of a unit volume of a material substance. The formula for density is (d = M/V), where d is density, M is mass, and V is volume. D is commonly expressed in units of grams per cubic centimetre.

Mass -Mass is both a property of a physical body and a measure of its resistance to acceleration (a change in its state of motion) when a net force is applied. An object’s mass also determines the strength of its gravitational attraction to other bodies.


Relative Density

  Substance   Density   Substance D  
Water (fresh)  1.00Chromium   6.5
 Mica 2.9 Slate  2.1-2.8
 Water (sea average 1.03 Clay   1.9
 Nickel  8.6 Sodium  0.97
 Aluminum  2.56 Coal   1.36-1.4
 Oil (linseed) 0.94Steel (mild)   7.85
 Antimony  6.70 Sulphur  2.07
 Oil (olive) 0.92  Copper   8.77
 Bismuth  9.80  Tin  7.3
 Oil (petroleum) 0.76-0.86 Cork   0.24
 Brass 8.40  Tungsten  19.1
 Oil (turpentine) 0.87  Glass (crown)   2.5 
 Brick 2.1 Wood (ash)  0.75 
 Paraffin 0.86  Glass (flint)   3.5  
 Calcium  1.58  Wood (beech)  0.7-0.8  
 Platinum 21.5  Gold 19.3 
 Carbon (diamond) 3.4  Wood (ebony)  1.1-1.2  
 Sand (dry)  1.42   Iron (cast)   7.21  
 Carbon (graphite)   2.3  Wood (elm)  0.66
 Silicon  2.6  Iron (wrought) 7.78
 Carbon (charcoal)   1.8   Cobalt 8.86
 Silver 10.57 zinc  7.14

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